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Olive growing: True Healthy Olive Cultivars 2 project signed

Signatures affixed by representatives of the International Olive Council and the University of Córdoba

The executive director of the International Olive Council (IOC), Abdellatif Ghedira , and José Carlos Gómez Villamandos, rector of the University of Córdoba (UCO), signed an agreement for the project entitled True Healthy Olive Cultivars 2. The signing of the agreement follows the agreement signed on November 27, 2014 between the IOC, the Consejería de Agricultura, Pesca y Desarrollo Rural de la Junta de Andalucía, the University of Córdoba and the Instituto Andaluz de Investigación y Formación Agraria, Pesquera y Alimentaria y de la Ecological production for the Conservation and Sustainable use of the Recursos Genéticos del Olivo. It also follows the agreement signed on June 28, 2018 between the IOC and the UCO for the joint execution of the True Healthy Olive Cultivars project.

The objectives of this project are:

- Authenticate the most important commercial cultivars present in the BMGO-UCO collection, and in particular those of commercial interest for germplasm banks on the CIO network;

- Check the presence or absence of the pathogens indicated in the project according to the European Directive (Council Directive 2008/90 / EC, Implementing Council Directive 2014/98 / EU and EPPO PM / 4/17): Xylella fastidiosa, Verticillium dahliae, Pseudomonas savastanoi, ArMV, CLRV, SLRV, Meloidogyne Spp. and Xiphinema;

- Eliminate the corresponding pathogens in case of a positive diagnosis;

- Establish mother plants from the initial plant material in the international repository of commercial olive varieties of the germplasm bank BGMO-UCO, to obtain healthy and authentic starting material;

- Provide germplasm banks of participating nations with genetically and morphologically authenticated and healthy plant material, ready for use and of international commercial interest. This plant material will be the initial mother plant to be used for propagation in nurseries in IOC member countries;

- Ensure identification and variety denominations which will facilitate the preparation of a future catalog of the main commercial varieties.

Crucial to the success of this project will be the active participation of the olive germplasm banks of the CIO network. This in turn will help establish a global network for the conservation of authentic and sanitized olive genetic resources, and for the use of these olive genetic resources in different environments and climates. This project also aims to constitute a basic tool for the certification of the main varieties used in international trade.

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