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Egypt. Discovered the oldest brewery in the world

It would date back more than 5,000 years and could produce thousands liters of beer per day

A research group of American and Egyptian archaeologists, chaired by Dr. Matthew Adams of NYU, and Dr. Deborah Fischach of Princeton University have uncovered what may be the world's oldest industrial-scale brewery located in Abydos (not far from Luxor), according to the Supreme Council of Antiquities of Egypt, which announced the discovery on Facebook. The news was relaunched in Italy by the portal.

The ruins are believed to date back over 5000 years, up to the early dynastic period, under the rule of King Narmer (3273 BC - 2987 BC), the unifier of Egypt. According to prof. Matthew Adams, head of the expedition, "the capacity of the facility was industrial in its scale and unprecedented for its time, capable of producing many thousands of liters (about 22,400 liters of zythum at a time), and probably built to supply the cults. funeraries of the first kings of Egypt, in which the rituals were conducted both to adore them as divine figures and to support them in the land of the dead”. It is assumed that the brewery's production capacity would have been sufficient to supply a daily ration of beer to more than 8,800 people.

In the past, some British archaeologists had excavated the brewery in the early 20th century, but mistook it for kilns used to dry grain and the exact location was forgotten in the years to follow. The North Abydos archeology team, working in collaboration with the Egyptian Ministry of Tourism and Antiquities, re-located the brewery and resumed excavations in 2018.

The brewery, located on the edge of the desert at the northern end of ancient Abydos, consisted of at least eight separate installations, built in parallel and spaced approximately 8 meters apart. Six of the eight, each about 20m long × 2.5m wide × 40cm deep, have been examined so far in the new excavations, partly buried under later tombs.

hrf - 17387

EFA News - European Food Agency